In the fall, there is a tendency for stomach and intestinal diseases to worsen. The diet for gastritis depends on the type of inflammatory process. The success of therapy is ensured by a balanced diet, regimen and medication prescribed by a doctor.
Rules of medical nutrition for gastritis
In case of worsening of the disease, the patient is treated in a hospital, he needs diet therapy. The tactics of choosing cooking products depend mainly on the acidity of the gastric juice. Nutritional therapy for gastritis with high acidity reduces the secretion of digestive fluids, has a mild effect on the stomach. A properly constructed diet for gastric gastritis plays a crucial role in treating the disease.
It is very important to organize a rational diet for patients with concomitant pathology:
A balanced diet boosts immunity and restores health. Among the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gastritis occupies a special place and requires urgent medical attention.
A gentle diet for gastritis with low acidity stimulates the production of gastric juice. The patient should chew food thoroughly so as not to damage the mucosa of the diseased organ.
The diet menu includes the following foods:
- white chicken;
- weak fish;
- vegetable puree;
- kefir 1%;
- 5% cottage cheese;
- 2. 5% milk.
In case of gastritis, it is allowed to drink fruit juices, rose decoction, carbonated mineral water.
The patient should be well nourished for several months after the last deterioration. When making a list of cooking products, the patient chooses only those that reduce acidity:
- chicken eggs;
The diet consists of puree soups, boiled meat and fish, steamed cutlets, liquid milk porridge. The main meal is the meals that meet the age-related needs of the patient in nutrients.
it is necessary to treat a diseased organ in a comprehensive manner, respecting a diet and regimen. If the patient eats regularly and gives up bad habits, the disease quickly passes into remission. The patient is forbidden to take alcohol, which has an exciting effect on the digestive glands.
What is allowed to the patient
The diet for patients with gastritis with normal acidity includes foods that protect the diseased organ. The patient is not recommended to take hot or cold food, breakfast cereals, yeast dough products.
What diet should be in case of exacerbation of the disease, the doctor will tell after a thorough examination of the patient. The patient should know that coffee and strong alcohol should not be consumed.
Eat small meals.
The table of allowed and forbidden foods helps to create a complete menu.
|High acidity gastritis||Low acidity gastritis|
|White chicken meat. Poor fish. Lean beef. Chicken eggs. Apples, pears. 5% cottage cheese, low-fat milk, fermented baked milk, yogurt, yogurt.||Meat soup. Vegetable soup. Grated raw vegetables. Hard boiled eggs. Crackers. Milk, 1% kefir, cheese. Casserole with rice cooking. Grated carrots. Dried fruits to make compote.|
high acidity menu
A high concentration of gastric juice damages the mucous membrane. Signs of gastritis do not appear immediately. A person complains of heartburn, belching, pain in the epigastric region.
Develops hyperacid gastritis - symptoms indicate an increase in acidity, sometimes suggesting the formation of gastric ulcer. Proper nutrition for gastritis aims to eliminate junk food from the diet.
Daily use of liquid porridge is necessary for the treatment of hyperacid gastritis of the stomach - the diet includes dishes from rice, barley, buckwheat, oatmeal. The patient adheres to a diet for a long time with gastritis - the menu for a week includes meat or fish, vegetable puree, delicious soufflés.
An example menu for a few days consists of healthy and nutritious meals.
Considering how long the deterioration period lasts, the patient chooses the optimal diet, avoids sweets, spices, smoked meat that irritate the intestines.
Therapeutic food of a pregnant woman
The question of how to feed an expectant mother with gastritis, so as not to harm the health of the child, is of interest to any woman suffering from heartburn and stomach pain. The diet is fractional, 4-5 times a day, in small portions. Bread should be eaten slightly dried, dairy products are useful.
Diet number 1, used for acute gastritis, strict, prescribed for 2-3 days. Gentle food reduces inflammation in the stomach. The patient is advised to increase the volume of drunk fluid to 1. 5 liters, if there are no contraindications.
Table salt is added to the diet in limited quantities. Much attention is paid to the chemical composition of products used to treat gastritis: the diet includes 100 g fat, 400 g carbohydrates, 120 g animal and vegetable proteins. A sparing complete diet allows for a competent treatment - the diet aims to restore stomach function.
How to build a diet for focal atrophic gastritis
After examination, the patient is often diagnosed with zero gastric fluid acidity. Food for gastric gastritis is spared, a diet is prescribed - tables no. 1 and no. 2. Useful It is useful to drink mineral water.
The patient often wonders what diet to choose for gastritis - what can be eaten without harm to health. The patient is shown herbal infusions and teas. When choosing a diet table for gastritis with zero acidity, the general condition of the patient should always be taken into account.
A therapeutic diet for gastritis aims to eliminate irritating foods from the diet. Food intake is carried out in small portions. A strict diet is prescribed to worsen the disease until the patient's condition normalizes. Its duration may be several days.
it is impossible to cure gastritis with medication alone - you need a special diet and the Pevzner diet helps a lot in solving this problem. The rules of medical nutrition sometimes increase the effectiveness of therapy, if someone is found to have damage to the gastric mucosa - gastritis.
Dietary characteristics are determined by the stage of the disease. The diet limits the use of salty, spicy, smoked, fatty and fried foods. Foods used for gastritis food, as much as possible, save the digestive tract.
On the first day it is recommended to drink water, green tea. What you can eat in the following days, the specialist will advise you. Set light vegetable soups, crushed, with oatmeal or oatmeal. For table number 1, they do not use butter and yeast dough, only once a week it is allowed to include baked pies in the menu. Steamed meat or fish dishes. You can include in the menu cottage cheese soufflés, beef dumplings, cutlets with cooked meat. The peculiarities of gastritis should be taken into account - treatment and diet reduce the inflammatory process.
Menu for chronic erosive gastritis
The main task in treating an acute condition is to facilitate the work of a diseased organ, therefore the diet consists of easily digestible foods. Ready-made meals are served boiled, stewed, crushed, without a thick crust.
Menu for every day with a gentle diet includes homemade jelly with wrapping properties. If the patient feels discomfort in the abdomen, a linen plate is helpful. Painful pains in the epigastric region, which last for several hours, are relieved by a drink made from plantain seeds.Yogurt is a healthy food for a patient with remission gastritis. For those who have recently suffered a worsening of gastritis, the product is allowed to be consumed against the background of the main treatment. For those who have gastritis accompanied by stomach discomfort, soft milk porridge and vegetable puree are helpful.
Before preparing a dish, you should get acquainted with the list of products that cause gastric secretion. The food should not contain spices - mustard, cinnamon, coriander, horseradish, black pepper.
Treatment for erosive gastritis involves the use of chicken egg proteins in a protein shake with a wrapping effect. The use of medication in the background of a diet quickly improves the patient's condition.
Dietary food for a week for gastritis with normal acidity
For people suffering from acute inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it is recommended to include 110-120 g of protein in the diet. The composition of the diet for gastritis is enhanced by the consumption of chicken eggs, which are a very nutritious product. The menu includes carbohydrates, but their use is limited by flour products. Fruit juices diluted with water are helpful.
The menu for gastritis for a week is varied.
In case of a chronic form of the disease, the patient is recommended table # 2. Products containing essential oils are excluded from the diet:
- garlic; radish
- black radish;
The patient needs to eat every 3-4 hours, which helps to normalize pressure in the stomach and duodenum and regulates the emptying of the gallbladder.
Avoid foods high in cholesterol during prayer:
- goose or pork liver;
- fatty birds;
- moderately fatty varieties of turtle fish.
The list of banned products is supplemented with flour products, wheat bran, dried fruits, spicy cheeses, legumes, mushrooms, red and black currants. The patient should refuse salads from fresh vegetables, whey, rye bread.
Diet for weight loss - the cause of acute gastritis
In pursuit of a beautiful figure, women follow new diets, regardless of their health. The symptoms and treatment of acute gastritis in adults have their own characteristics, as the disease can become chronic and cause the development of stomach ulcers.
Patients with acute gastritis lose a lot of weight.
The weight loss process is caused by the appearance in the body of toxic metabolic products that increase the load on the stomach, liver and kidneys.
Proteins are a common cause of acute gastritis. A change in the composition of gastric juice occurs if the patient abuses a diet in which the content of animal and vegetable fats is significantly limited.
Rapid weight loss causes stomach and intestinal problems. Often, a woman is given to mono-diets, which lead to a lack of nutrients and vitamins, the development of acute inflammation in the stomach and intestines.
Using baking soda is a dangerous and useless way to lose weight, causing gastritis of the stomach and chronic burning of the mucosa, a violation of acid-base balance. Acute inflammation occurs after patients use a diet for weight loss against the background of type 1 diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, tuberculosis and oncological diseases.