The diet for pancreatitis depends on whether the disease is acute or chronic. Remember that inflammation of the pancreas is not a small thing, because it plays an important role in digestion, metabolism and assimilation of substances (proteins, carbohydrates and fats). Therefore, immediately after diagnosis, it is necessary to make significant changes to your diet. Otherwise, even the latest generation of medicines will be powerless.
As the name suggests, the disease occurs suddenly (usually immediately after eating irritating food). Symptoms: burning pain in the abdomen, fever, nausea, vomiting. Risk factors: lack of protein in the diet, overeating, alcohol abuse, smoking, fatty foods, spicy, fried, too cold or too hot, sweet soda water. Sometimes the disease is a consequence of gallstone disease and chronic cholecystitis.
Diet for acute (reactive) pancreatitis in adults and children aims to provide maximum rest of the pancreas with long suffering, and at the same time reduce pancreatic and gastric secretions. And here should be the sequence of patient actions:
- The first 2-4 days after deterioration.It is recommended not to eat at all, but to use only medicinal mineral water in small sips and in small quantities.
- Starting on the 5th day.Gradually and very carefully expand your diet menu for pancreatitis. For this, it is recommended to adhere to the 5P treatment table.
- For 6-7 days. We include in the diet jelly, wrinkled soups, kefir, liquid porridge (except millet), steamed chicken, beef and fish kitten, mashed potatoes and other vegetables in boiled and stewed form, weak tea, baked apples or mashed, pink soup.
Diet and sample menu features
Regardless of where the patient is sent for pancreatitis treatment - in a sanatorium or home, he should adhere to diet number 5, which is based on the following principles:
- Daily rate of vegetable proteins - 30 g, animal protein - 50 g, vegetable fats - 15 g, animal fats - 45 g and carbohydrates - 200 g. The total caloric intake for pancreatitis should not exceed 2500-2700 kcal per day. The amount of liquid you drink is 1. 5 liters, salt is 10 g.
- For the first two weeks we cook dishes without salt.
- We eat at least 5-6 times a day in small portions to eliminate the risk of overeating.
- The temperature of prepared food should be between 45 and 60 degrees.
- The consistency of the dishes is liquid, semi-liquid, meaning only clean food.
A diet for acute pancreatitis means a complete exclusion from the menu for a long time (almost a year) of smoked meat, fried foods, pickles and pickles, sour cream, lard, canned foods, canned productsbaked goods and fresh bread, cream, alcohol. Compliance with all the above recommendations can prevent the development of the disease in a chronic form! A menu menu for the day might look like this:
- Breakfast:steamed omelette, pure hercules porridge in water, weak tea.
- Second breakfast:milk cheese.
- Lunch:buckwheat soup, boiled meat stew, apple jelly.
- Dinner:fish cutlets, carrot puree, rose soup.
- For the night:kefir.
This disease has another extremely enticing name - prediabetes. Indeed, if you have passed the acute phase unfavorably (in the absence of proper treatment), then diabetes mellitus can become the next step. This disease is characterized by two alternative stages - worsening and remission. Therefore, food with pancreatitis aims to facilitate the inflammatory process and, accordingly, translate the disease into a remission phase.
So from now on, your diet will be a lifelong nutritional system. And there is nothing you can do about it. You can still take diet number 5 as a basis, the basic principles of which we continue to strictly adhere to. The diet with exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis is again a return to the first three steps (fasting in mineral water and further in the list above).
- milk, yogurt, kefir, non-acid cottage cheese, soft cheese;
- porridge (buckwheat, oats, rice), pasta;
- vegetables (potatoes, carrots, squash, zucchini, beets, etc. );
- wheat crackers or stale white bread;
- meat (beef, chicken, rabbit, turkey), lean fish;
- ripe apples, fruit jelly, berry peel;
- oatmeal, fruit drinks, non-acidic fruit juices, chamomile tea;
- vegetable soup and puree soup, celery juice.
- sour fruits, fresh cabbage, legumes;
- spinach, sorrel, radish, radish;
- hot spices and herbs;
- fresh bread, cakes, pastries;
- sausage, smoked meat, canned food, eggs;
- meat, fish soup, cabbage soup, borsch;
- alcohol, carbonated sweet drinks; sweets
- , ice cream, sour cream, cream;
- fried foods.